Emblem of Uzbekistan


The state emblem of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. It is similar to the emblem of the previous Uzbek SSR. Like other post-Soviet republics whose symbols do not predate the October Revolution, the current emblem retains some components of the Soviet one. Prior to 1992, Uzbekistan had an emblem similar to all other Soviet Republics.

The emblem is in the form of a circle and mainly bears the national colors blue, white, and green. On the left there is a cotton plant and to the right wheat borders the coat of arms, cotton and wheat are the two major agricultural products of the country.

It is surmounted by the star of Rub El Hizb (0), a symbol of Islam, which a majority of Uzbeks profess.

In the center, a right-facing khumo, a bird symbolizing happiness and love of freedom, is displayed with wings outstretched. Enclosed by the khumo's wings is a depiction of the rising sun over mountains. Two rivers, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, flow from the mountains and crepuscular rays emanate from the sun.

The khumo is perched on a banner at the base of the cotton and wheat borders which bears the national colors and the name of the country in either Latin (O‘zbekiston) or Cyrillic (Ўзбекистон) script.



The flag of Uzbekistan


The flag of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: 0‘zbekiston davlat bayrog'i) consists of three horizontal blue, white and green bands separated by two thin red fimbriations, with a crescent moon and twelve stars at the canton. Adopted in 1991 to replace the flag of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR), it has been the Hag of the Republic of Uzbekistan since the country gained independence in that same year. The design of the present flag was partly inspired by the former one.

It declared itself independent on September 1, 1991, approximately three months before the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

The colors and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The white stands for peace and purity, while blue represents water and the sky. The latter colour also alludes to the flag of Timur, who ruled over present- day Uzbekistan during the 14th century. Green officially epitomizes "nature and fertility" - though it may also represent Islam - while the thin red stripes represents the "life force" within everyone. The crescent at the canton evokes "the rebirth of Uzbekistan as an "independent" country. Moreover, it symbolizes the Islamic faith practiced by 88% of Uzbekistan's population. To the right of the crescent are twelve stars, which signify the months of the Islamic calendar, as well as the constellations featured in the zodiac. 


State Anthem of Uzbekistan


The State Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: O'zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi/Ўзбекистон Республикасининг Давлат Мадҳияси) came into being when Uzbekistan was a republic of the Soviet Union. Upon independence in 1991, lacking any other suitable candidate, the tune of the old Uzbek SSR anthem, composed by Mutal Burhanov, was retained with new lyrics written by Abdulla Oripov.



My sunny free land, happiness and salvation to your people,

You are a warmhearted companion to your friends!

Flourish forever with learning and creativity,

May your glory shine as long as the world exists!


These golden valleys - dear Uzbekistan,

The courageous spirit of your ancestors is with you!

When the great power of the people raged,

(You did) have charmed the world!


The faith of an open-hearted Uzbek does not die out,

The young free generation is a strong wing for you!

Beacon of independence, guardian of peace,

Lover of truth, motherland, flourish forever!


These golden valleys - dear Uzbekistan,

The courageous spirit of your ancestors is with you!

When the great power of the people raged,

(You did) have charmed the world!