The creation in 1943 in Uzbekistan of the Physical-Technical Institute is a logical continuation of the development of the rich cultural heritage of the Uzbek people.
Today, the Physico-Technical Institute of NPO “Physics-Sun” of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan makes a worthy contribution to domestic and world science, contributing to an increase in the intellectual, economic and spiritual potential of the state.
The Physical-Technical Institute (PTI) was organized on November 4, 1943. on the basis of the Physical-Technical Laboratory and was the first scientific research institute of the physical profile in Central Asia.
The Physico-Technical Laboratory (FTL) was established in 1940. It carried out work in the areas developed in the SAGU and the Heliolaboratory of the Committee of Science of Uzbekistan. From the Heliolaboratory to the newly formed Physico-Technical Laboratory, the topics of solar technology and selenium photocells were transferred. The FTL continued work on surface phenomena, which was carried out at SAGU by S.V. Starodubtsev, G.N. Shuppe and U.A. Arifov. Work on radioactivity and nuclear decay was also transferred from SAGU, with the aim of organizing the production of heavy water. At the same time, a radiometric group was organized at the FTL from among the employees of the FTL and the Geological Institute, who performed control analyzes of ores and minerals and improved the methods of radiometric measurements in geological exploration.
On the basis of this complex in 1993. the Institute of Materials Science, which is part of the NPO “Physics-Sun” of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, was established. The Institute of Physics and Technology is currently carrying out fundamental research and scientific and technical developments in four areas:
• high energy physics – the study of the fundamental laws of interaction between particles and nuclei at accelerator energies and ultrahigh energies of cosmic radiation;
• physics of semiconductors – the study of physical processes in semiconductor materials and structures in order to create technologies for efficient photoconverters, photodetectors and various highly sensitive sensors;
• conversion of solar energy – development of the fundamentals of direct, thermodynamic and thermal conversion of solar energy and development of designs for highly efficient solar installations.
• solid state theory – study of nonlinear wave excitations in condensed media and optical systems.
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